The Pharisees and Sadducees

The Preaching of John the Baptist 7 But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his baptism, he said to them, "Brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from l the wrath to come 8 Therefore bear fruits worthy of repentance, 9 and do not think to say to yourselves, 'We have Abraham as our father.' For I say to you that God is able to raise up children to Abraham from these stones. 10 And even now the ax is laid to the root of the trees. Therefore every tree which does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. 11 I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance, but He who is coming after me is mightier than I, whose sandals I am not worthy to carry. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire. 12 His winnowing fan is in His hand, and He will thoroughly clean out His threshing floor, and gather His wheat into the barn; but He will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire.” The New King James Version. 1982 (Mt 3:7-12). Nashville: Thomas Nelson. Matthew 3:7 The Pharisees and Sadducees were two prominent groups in Judaism during the time of Christ. Both groups claimed to be true followers of Judaism, but their beliefs were considerably different. The Pharisees were primarily associated with the laymen of Israel. In doctrine, they held not only to the Law of Moses and Scriptures, but also to a whole body of oral tradition. Their activities were centered in the synagogue. On the other hand, the Sadducees were associated with the priestly caste, for whom worship was centered in the temple. Extremely conservative, they based their beliefs essentially on the Pentateuch—the books of Genesis through Deuteronomy (see Acts 23:6–10). The NKJV Study Bible. 2007 (Mt 3:7). Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson.



Some sources say that the Sadducees were another example of an elite caste separation between people that worked for a living and people motivated by maintaining their status of not having to work and enjoy their Temple rituals by attempting to control the Written Law. This faction formed the Essenes that essentially left the negotiation to start to worship on their own accord.

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